With VoIP, you use an IP network through an ADSL Internet connection or other, to make or receive calls to / from terrestrial PSTN. You can even talk to people with a landline number using your computer, for example using the SkypeIn and SkypeOut service. PSTN includes telephone numbers and IP networks have IP addresses. How these two work together?
Answer: The answer is address translation. Your computer or VoIP device connected to the Internet has an IP address assigned to it. When you call a person on a fixed PSTN phone, your call is forwarded to the PSTN network via the telephone number of the person you call. And vice versa.
Security in VoIP has not been a very popular subject so far, but with the increasing demand for VoIP, it is becoming an important concern. VoIP security threats are increasing in number.
VoIP Security Threats -
Making Your VoIP Secure
VoIP Phishing - What It Is And How It Works
Do Softphones Make My Network or Machine More Vulnerable?